Motivation as defined by psychology refers to the process that initiates, maintains and guides a goal oriented behaviors. Motivation enables us to act from the smallest thing of getting a piece of paper up to reading and studying. Motivation also involves the emotional, biological, social and cognitive forces that help to activate our behavior.
Motivation is a broad topic or concept of psychology which mainly involves the behavior of the person or animal and how to induce them to act or behave. Motivation is divided into six types. The following paragraphs will discuss each of them.
Incentive is the first type of motivation. This type of motivation involves rewards that can be monetary or nonmonetary. This type of motivation best works in the workplace or organization wherein a person is expected to work or perform efficiently. Monetary incentives include bonuses and thirteenth month pay. Nonmonetary incentives include promotions and medical benefits.
The motivation that is usually referred as the drive to competency is called achievement motivation. People are usually driven to achieve certain goals and faces challenges. This type of motivation is intrinsic in nature and involves improving their own skills in order to prove competency to others. Although this type of motivation is intrinsic, there are circumstances wherein it can be extrinsic. For example, people usually desire to be recognized by other people like colleague or superiors. Awards are best example for this type of motivation.
Fear motivation is somewhat a negative type of motivation wherein it involves consequences or punishments. A person desires to achieve his goals to avoid punishments and consequences. In the workplace, this type of motivation may include demotion, lay-off or salary deduction. It would appear the same for a child who studies hard in order to avoid being scolded by the parents.
Power is another type of motivation that includes the desire for autonomy or desire to have control with others or things around us. Best example of this is politics and military. There are people who join this organization in order to have power over other people.
Growth motivation is the motivation used for self improvement which is considered as a form of internal motivation. It includes a string desire to increase your talents or to simply improve your skills and lifestyle.
The last type of motivation is the social motivation that is influenced by social factors. It includes the desire to be accepted by the society or by a certain group. People always wanted to be part of something that they want. Social motivation also involves following the norms and culture accepted by a certain society.
Remember that there is no single motivation that works for all people. Each person is unique and has his own personality. Most of the time, the motivation of a person depends on his or her personality, environment and behavior.